Diagnostic ultrasound: a valuable and safe procedure that uses low-power sound waves!

 | Post date: 2021/11/15 | 

The ultrasound image is produced based on the reflection of the waves off of the body structures. In an ultrasound exam, a transducer both sends the sound waves and records the echoing (returning) waves. When the transducer is pressed against the skin, it sends small pulses of inaudible, high-frequency sound waves into the body. As the sound waves bounce off internal organs, fluids and tissues, the sensitive receiver in the transducer records tiny changes in the sound's pitch and direction. A computer instantly measures these signature waves and displays them as real-time pictures on a monitor. The technologist typically captures one or more frames of the moving pictures as still images. They may also save short video loops of the images.
Ultrasound imaging is a medical tool that can help a physician evaluate, diagnose and treat medical conditions. Common ultrasound imaging procedures include:

  • Abdominal ultrasound (to visualize abdominal tissues and organs)
  • Bone sonometry (to assess bone fragility)
  • Breast ultrasound (to visualize breast tissue)
  • Doppler fetal heart rate monitors (to listen to the fetal heart beat)
  • Doppler ultrasound (to visualize blood flow through a blood vessel, organs, or other structures)
  • Echocardiogram (to view the heart)
  • Fetal ultrasound (to view the fetus in pregnancy)
  • Ultrasound-guided biopsies (to collect a sample of tissue)
  • Ophthalmic ultrasound (to visualize ocular structures
  • Ultrasound-guided needle placement (in blood vessels or other tissues of interest)

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